Knowledge

Mining Dictionary

A

Abandon

The discontinuation of mine workings that are no longer needed.

Above-ground

Air shaft

Anhydrite

Ascending

B

Base surface

The base surface is the floor of a mine workings, but also the level of a horizontal roadway system in a mine; for example, the 700-meters base surface is 700 meters below the surface.

Bar theory

Belt conveyor

Bench

Bench drilling machine

Blasting bore hole

Blasting operation

Blast hole drill

Blasting vehicle

Boiler house

Border of mining claim

Brine

Bulk Blenders

Bunker

C

Carbon Dioxide

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a chemical compound comprising carbon and oxygen. It is produced during the combustion of fuels containing carbon or fossil fuels.

Cavern

Chlorine-alkaline electrolysis

Chute

Cleaning loader

Cogeneration

Complex Fertilizers

Conveyor cage

Control room

Convergence

Cross-entry

Crusher / crushing equipment

Crude salt

Crystallization

Crystallized Salt

D

Deposit, salt deposit

Deposits are certain areas of the earth's crust in which natural concentrations of solid, liquid or gaseous raw materials are found.

Depending on the arrangement and form of these deposits, a distinction is made between flat deposits and the shape of the salt dome or salt stock.

Flat deposits are defined as the original form that has not been deformed by tectonic forces from the earth's inner core.

Depression

Descending

District

Draining canal / wastewater channel

Drift face

Drill operator

Drilling jumbo

E

Electrostatic Separation Process (ESTA®)

Evaporated salt

Exciting mine air

Exploitation / mining yield

Exploration

Extraction

Extraction cavities

Extraction chamber

Extraction process

F

Fertigation

Fertigation refers to the application of liquid or water-soluble fertilizer through an irrigation system. In this process, the plants are irrigated and fertilized at the same time.

Flat deposit

Flooding

Flotation

Fresh air

G

Glückauf, Glück auf!

“Glückauf” is a traditional German miner's greeting. According to tradition it was originated at the end of the 16th century in the Saxon Erzgebirge mountains and expresses the miners' hope that ore tunnels would open. At that time, when mining ore, it was often uncertain whether the miners' work would be successful and whether they would be paid at all. Furthermore, this greeting relates to the wish that the miners leave the mine after their shift healthy and return to their families.

Granulate Production

H

Halite (NaCl)

Mineralogical term for rock salt (sodium chloride).

Hammer and pick

Hard salt

Haulage

Helmet color

Hoisting engine

Hoist tower / shaft tower

Hot leaching process

I

Impoverishment

Area within the potash seam with little to no valuable material content.

Inspection

Intergrowth

K

Kainite Crystallization and Flotation Facility (KCF)

The KCF (kainite crystallization and flotation) facility represents a new process to significantly reduce saline wastewater and, at the same time, to increase the yield of valuable substances. By using heat energy, water is evaporated. This crystallizes a salt mixture, which also includes kainite – a salt containing potassium and magnesium salt. The kainite is separated by using a sorting technique (flotation) and is subsequently used for potassium sulfate production.

Kalimandscharo

Kieserite

L

Lamp cabin

Room for storing, distributing, repairing and charging the miner's lamps.

Large-hole drilling jumbo

Loader

M

Main mine ventilator

Central, powerful ventilator, sucking in the underground air and pumping it upwards through the shaft. For this purpose, a main mine ventilation system is installed at the 400 m level close to the shaft near the Fürstenhall shaft to support the natural air flow.

Men hoisting / men riding

Mineralized waters

Mine

Mine, mine workings, stope

Mine air

Mine field

Mining gallery

Miner

Miner’s apron

Miner’s uniform

Mining Regulation

Mine rescue team

Mining subsidence / subsidence area / subsidence trough

Monte Kali

O

Open-cast mining

Open–cast mining is a form of mining for raw material deposits that takes place close to the surface. In contrast to other forms of mining, no underground tunnels or shafts are created.

Operations plan procedure

Overburden / overlying rock

P

Pads

Pillar

Pit foreman

Planning Approval Procedure

Plate Dolomite (Leine Carbonate)

Potassium Chloride (KCl)

Potassium Sulfate (SOP)

Processing

Production residue

R

Retention basin

Storage basins.

Residue

Rock burst

Rock pressure

Rock salt

Roof anchor

S

Salary

The word "salary" (= pay, remuneration) is derived from the Latin word “sal” (= salt).

In ancient times, the extraction of salt was considerably more complex and dangerous than today. Salt was therefore considerably more expensive, even precious, and was balanced with gold. That is why salt was also accepted as a means of payment at times. Roman soldiers received a part of their pay in the form of salt, the so-called “salarium argentum” (“sal” = salt, “argentum” = silver / money, i.e. practically salt money).

Saline / saline works

Saline process water

Salt dome or salt stock

Scaling

Seam

Sediment

Seismology

Self-rescuer

Shaft

Sinking

Skip

Sledge hammer

Sodium Chloride

Solar Salt

Solution Mining

St. Barbara

Steep deposit

Storage

Surface area of a tailings pile

Surface damage

Sylvine

Synthetic magnesium sulfate (SMS)

T

Tailings pile

Piling up of non-exploitable rocks.

Thickness

Tunneling

Tunneling machine / heading machine

U

Underground

All mining operations below the surface.

Underground mining

Underground surveyor

Underground visit

V

Ventilation

Scheduled supply of fresh air underground as well as scheduled extraction of air to the surface.

Ventilation system

W

Wall rock / adjoining rock

The rock surrounding a potash deposit. In potash mining, the potash seam is bounded by the overlying and underlying rock. The predominant part is rock salt.

Water–softening Salts

White Gold